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USAID ERAT (Tata Kelola Pemerintahan yang Efektif, Efisien, dan Kuat) or Efficient, Effective, and Strong Governance is a 5-year program funded by USAID. The goal of ERAT is for citizens of Indonesia to benefit from to effective local government by increasing the quality of policy implementation and service delivery at the subnational level. In collaboration with the Government of Indonesia, ERAT will work to strengthen the coherence of national and subnational policies, enhance local service delivery and improve planning and budget execution.

ERAT’s strategy to achieve its goal is to improve subnational government performance in four ways:

  1. strengthening upward accountability to the provincial and central governments
  2. creating downward accountability to the citizens
  3. enhancing horizontal incentives through inter-district competition and peer learning
  4. developing the capacity of state and non-state actors

These four strategies are based on intensive assessments and were designed together with the government, civil society, academics, and the private sector through a series of co-design workshops at the central and provincial levels. Furthermore, these strategies are translated into specific activities which are tailored according to the local context and expressed needs and commitment of the government. This also cultivates local ownership and ensure sustainability beyond the life of the program.

ERAT focuses on strengthening communication, coordination and collaboration among levels of government, and promotes reliable and effective use of government data to plan, budget, and evaluate performance. It encourages meaningful use of citizens’ voices and needs during resource planning, provision, and evaluation of the government. The program also promotes mainstreaming of gender equality, social inclusion and public private partnership in all aspects of the program implementation.

By the end of the program in January 2026, it is expected that:

  • Mechanisms for policy communication and coordination among various levels of government are institutionalized
  • Government data are reliable and effectively used for planning, budgeting, and evaluating public services and government performance
  • Gender equality and social inclusion in policy making, service provision and resource decisions is deepened, and use of citizens input these processes are improved
  • The private sector is effectively engaged in improving quality of public service delivery
  • Innovations, best practices, and replicable models for strengthening local governance and improving service delivery are effectively disseminated

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