Paving The Way To Improve West Kalimantan’s Human Development Index

A group of civil servants holding a book of action plans for accelerating the Human Development Index (HDI) in West Kalimantan Province for the years 2023-2025

A group of civil servants holding a book of action plans for accelerating the Human Development Index (HDI) in West Kalimantan Province for the years 2023-2025

West Kalimantan has one of the worst human development index (HDI) scores in Indonesia.  In 2021, the province’s composite index of health, education, and economic indicators was 67.9 – the worst among provinces in Kalimantan Island and lower than the national average of 72.3.  USAID ERAT (Tata Kelola Pemerintahan yang Efektif, Efisien, dan Kuat) supports the provincial government of West Kalimantan to improve the HDI.  One of the challenges identified in the initial discussions with the provincial government is lack of intersectoral collaboration in improving the HDI – each office has different data and develops its own programs that are not coordinated.  Prior to USAID ERAT implementation, the provincial government has established a HDI Acceleration Working Group but has not been active.   

 To kick-off the collaborative efforts, USAID ERAT supported the provincial government to hold a workshop to develop a collaborative action plan in addressing the issue in Pontianak on July 19-20, 2022.  A total of 83 participants (28 women) representing the provincial government offices.  The workshop facilitated various provincial government offices to map out the problems contributing to the low HDI.  The most pressing issue identified is the average length of schooling with the provincial average of 7.45 years – significantly lower than the national average of 8.54 years in 2021.  The participants of the workshop agreed to formulate action plan to accelerate the HDI improvement. Linda Purnama, the Provincial Government’s Regional Assistant for Government and Welfare said “the preparation of this action plan is one important solution. I am grateful that USAID ERAT can facilitate this activity and help accelerate problem mapping,” 

 USAID ERAT supported a multisectoral team – in total, 19 officials (11 women) – to formulate action plan in education, health, and economic sectors, supported by a sub-team working on data analysis and management.  Through three ‘mini workshops’ held in August-September 2022 supported by USAID ERAT, the formulation team successfully developed the draft action plan, which will be reviewed by the Regional Secretariat and consulted with the local governments in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023.   

 The provincial government specifically requested USAID ERAT to support the implementation of the action plan in the education sector.  The plan includes various approaches promoted by USAID ERAT.  Private sector engagement is promoted through the plan to engage with the private companies in identifying workers who did not finish high school and facilitate them to participate in equivalency programs.  Improving the quality of the secondary vocational education through link and match with the industry is also promoted in the plan.  The education action plan also promotes collaboration of the provincial, district, subdistrict and village governments in identifying dropout students, understanding the reasons for not going to school, and facilitating them to be back in schools.  Girls and persons with disability are specifically identified in the plan.  In parallel, USAID ERAT is supporting the local government of Ketapang in piloting the implementation of these plan that can be scaled-up in other districts in West Kalimantan.

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